Artificial Intelligence (AI )is the latest technology that refers to software which use to make robots that act or work like humans. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the theory and development of computer systems and the ability of digital computers or computer-controlled Robots.
It can perform different tasks usually that are requiring human intelligence. For example, speech recognition, visual perception, decision-making, and translation between languages or learn from past experiences.
Artificial Intelligence technology
The cost of Artificial Intelligence Technology is very high due to hardware, software, and staffing.
AI as a Service allows individuals and companies to experiment with AI technology for various business purposes or tasks and sample with multiple platforms before committing.
Popular Artificial Intelligence cloud offerings include Amazon AI services, IBM Watson Assistant, Microsoft Cognitive Services, and Google AI services.
Now a day Artificial Intelligence Tools are available with multiple Functionalities. But their cost is very high due to its hardware, software and there set up in any organization.
The problem-solving method in Artificial Intelligence (AI):
Through Artificial Intelligence (AI) the problems are divided into subproblems then read and get the complete and whole information about those parts of issues.
Then find the best and suitable solution for those problems after knowing the knowledge of the problem.
At last, combine these subproblems and give one solution — the human characteristics but using computer Robots.
Types of Artificial Intelligence (AI):
Artificial Intelligence is dividing into two types which are as follows:
- Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
- General Intelligence (AGI)
What is Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)?
Weak AI is also called narrow Artificial Intelligence (AI). It is an AI system it’s design and train, especially for a particular task. Virtual personal assistants, such as Apple’s Seri, are a form of weak AI.
This type of artificial intelligence is a combination of all the existing AI. Artificial narrow intelligence or weak (AI) refers to AI systems that can only perform a specific task autonomously using human-like capabilities.
This kind of machine can do nothing more than what they program to do, and thus have a very limited or narrow range of competencies. So, according to the system mentioned earlier of classification. These systems correspond to all reactive and limited memory AI.
What is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)?
Artificial General Intelligence is the ability of an AI agent to learn, perceive, understand, and function entirely as a human being.
These systems will be able to independently build multiple competencies and form connections and generalizations across domains, massively cutting down on time needed for training.
It will make Artificial intelligence (AI) systems just as capable as humans by replicating our multi-functional capabilities.
Types of artificial general intelligence (AGI):
Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is also dividing into some types. That types are discussed below with also their details such are as follows:
- Artificial Superintelligence (ASI)
- Reactive machines
- Limited memory
- Theory of mind
What is Superintelligence (ASI)?
Strong AI is also called artificial general intelligence. It is an Artificial Intelligence system with generalized human perception abilities. When an unfamiliar task is appearing, strong AI can find the solution without the interaction of human intelligence.
The development of Artificial Superintelligence will probably mark the pinnacle of AI research, as AGI will become by far the most capable forms of intelligence on earth ASI.
In addition to replicating the multi-faceted intelligence of human beings will be exceedingly better at everything they do because of overwhelmingly more significant memory, faster data processing and analysis, and decision-making capabilities.
The development of AGI and ASI will lead to a situation most popularly referred to as the singularity and while the potential of having such powerful machines.
However, that is a long way to get there as the current state of AI development compared to where it is projected to go is still in its initial stage. That is for those holding a negative outlook for the future of AI.
It means that now is a little too soon to be worrying about the singularity. There is still time to ensure AI safety and for those who are optimistic about the future of (AI). The fact is that we merely scratched the surface of AI development makes the future even more exciting.
What are Reactive Machines (AI)?
This type of Artificial Intelligence is used to solve tasks. The deep Blue can identify pieces on the chessboard and make the forecast, but it has no memory and cannot use past experiences.
In the future, it can be used at once when it is opened first again. We cannot open it or use it. It analyzes the possible all moves its own, and it is opponent and chooses the most strategic or vital move.
Deep Blue and Google’s Alpha GO were designed for narrow purposes and cannot be easily applied to another situation.
What is Limited Memory (AI)?
This type of AI has limited memory that is for use the past experiences in the future. That helps in deciding for future tasks.
Some of the decision-making functions in self-driving cars are designed in this way by using the previous observations. These observations inform actions happening in the not so distant future, such as a car changing lanes.
These observations are not stored permanently in this type of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology.
What is Theory of Mind (AI)?
This type of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology or psychology term refers to the understanding that others have their own beliefs, desires, and intentions that benefit the decisions they make.
Now, this kind of AI does not exist. This type of (AI) is the next level of AI systems that researchers are currently engaged in innovating.
Theory of mind level AI will be able to understand better the entities it is interacting with by discerning their needs, emotions, beliefs, and thought processes.
What is Self-awareness (AI)?
This kind of AI technology has a sense of self and has consciences. In this AI machine have the self-understanding to understand the situations and use this understanding in the future case to provide the facilities that will require.
But this type of AI is also not found nowadays. We can say that this is the final stage of AI development which currently exists only hypothetically. Self-aware AI, which, self explanatorily, is an AI that has evolved to be so akin to the that it has developed self-awareness.
This type of AI will not only be able to understand and evoke emotions in those it interacts with, but also have feelings, needs, beliefs, and potentially desires of its own. Self-awareness is the type of AI that the doomsayers of the technology are wary of.
Although the development of self-awareness can potentially boost our progress as a civilization by leaps and bounds, it can also potentially lead to catastrophe.
A different system of classification that general use in tech parlance is the classification of the technology into Narrow Intelligence (ANI), General Intelligence (AGI), and Artificial Superintelligence (ASI).
Some Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has advantages as well as disadvantages. It means if it gives benefits on the one hand, on the other hand, it has not proved beneficial always.
The following are the advantages and disadvantages of AI technology.
What are the Advantages of Artificial Intelligence?
The different advantages of Artificial Intelligence (AI) are as follow:
AI in Automation:
Artificial Intelligence used in Automations, which makes them comfortable and easy to use. Due to this latest technology, automation like vehicles, cars, trucks, etc. make it easy to use.
It includes advance feature this automation like make it automatic, which is run only through one button.
It provides the facilities of air condition in the Automation and digital touch system in the vehicles.
No breaks AI:
When humans are continuously doing work, they became tired after some work, and they need to take a break. But the machines never tires with consistent work.
It works with the same frequency and speed from the first day. These latest technologies do not need any break because these technologies never tired.
AI Medical Applications:
Now a day this Latest Technology is also useful in the medical field for the treatment of different dangerous diseases.
Such as laser technology use diagnose various diseases. It makes the treatment of deadly conditions in the short term of time, which takes before it the long run of time.
AI Increase work efficiency:
As we know these technologies do not need any rest or break. These technologies are working frequently and continuously.
They are to work efficiently and save time. These technologies are work continuously in the concise term of time, which makes it easy.
What are the Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence?
Some disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence (AI) are as follows:
Due to the latest technology of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the human workforce replaced with machines like Robots.
That’s why unemployment is increasing day by day, which loses their creative minds and will become lazy. That becomes a big hurdle in the way of personal success and future progress.
In the way of the progress of Artificial intelligence and empowers human intelligence. So as long we are successful in keeping the technology beneficial.
We will be able to help this human civilization and combine the techniques and the humans in one platform to secure and make a successive future.
The creation of Artificial Intelligence technology is very costly. Not only production but also reparation of this technology is highly expensive.
The software which use to run these latest technologies is available at very high costs.
Due to these high costs, the businessman is afraid to use this latest technology Artificial Intelligence (AI), which makes the big hurdle in the way of the success of like these most recent technologies.
No improvement with experience:
It’s the complete work of machines that works like human’s intelligence but not initially like humans. It working cannot improve through the help of experiences.
The humans working power can grow with the lessons with the time. But the machines can work still the same from the first day.
Lack of personal connection:
If we use machines in every business or every field of life, it makes the long distance between humans.
This distance too far the humans from each other’s which is the base of lack of human connections.
Highly dependence of Machines:
Now a day’s humans too many depend on machines which makes them lazy. It becomes a big defeat to the human workforce.
If we want to become successful in the world, we have to combine the humans and the machines in the one platform.
Examples of Latest Technology Artificial Intelligence :
There are some examples of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
SmartPhones are work on the base of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Therefore, this technology combines the whole world in one platform.
We can access everything with one touch only. The AI technology Voice function in the smartphones which runs the phone automatically through voice command.
Now a day’s music systems and media streaming systems are using AI technology. For Example, if we play some videos on YouTube, this app is deciding for the next video suggestion according to your interest.
Online Ads system:
The online ads system is working on the base of AI technology. It provides the advertisement system on different apps to provide knowledge of different things and new technologies.